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Complete plastome sequences of Picea asperata and P. crassifolia and comparative analyses with P. abies and P. morrisonicola
- Ouyang, Fangqun, Hu, Jiwen, Wang, Junchen, Ling, Juanjuan, Wang, Zhi, Wang, Nan, Ma, Jianwei, Zhang, Hanguo, Mao, Jian-Feng, Wang, Junhui
- Genome 2019 v.62 no.5 pp. 317-328
- Picea abies, Picea asperata, Picea crassifolia, genes, phylogeny, point mutation, single nucleotide polymorphism, sympatry
- Picea asperata and P. crassifolia have sympatric ranges and are closely related, but the differences between these species at the plastome level are unknown. To better understand the patterns of variation among Picea plastomes, the complete plastomes of P. asperata and P. crassifolia were sequenced. Then, the plastomes were compared with the complete plastomes of P. abies and P. morrisonicola, which are closely and distantly related to the focal species, respectively. We also used these sequences to construct phylogenetic trees to determine the relationships among and between the four species as well as additional taxa from Pinaceae and other gymnosperms. Analysis of our sequencing data allowed us to identify 438 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) point mutation events, 95 indel events, four inversion events, and seven highly variable regions, including six gene spacer regions (psbJ-petA, trnT-psaM, trnS-trnD, trnL-rps4, psaC-ccsA, and rps7-trnL) and one gene (ycf1). The highly variable regions are appropriate targets for future use in the phylogenetic reconstructions of closely related, sympatric species of Picea as well as Pinaceae in general.