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Generation of monoclonal antibodies against foot‐and‐mouth disease virus SAT 2 and the development of a lateral flow strip test for virus detection

Yang, Ming, Mudabuka, Boitumelo, Quizon, Kaye, Nfon, Charles
Transboundary and emerging diseases 2019 v.66 no.3 pp. 1158-1166
Foot-and-mouth disease virus, animal diseases, developing countries, diagnostic specificity, emerging diseases, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, food chain, foot-and-mouth disease, immunoaffinity chromatography, livestock productivity, monoclonal antibodies, rapid methods, serotypes, tourism, viruses, Africa
Foot‐and‐mouth disease (FMD) remains a major economic concern for the livestock productivity in many developing countries and a continued threat to countries that are disease free because of its potential devastating impact on agricultural, food chain and tourism sectors. FMD virus (FMDV) is recognized as having seven serotypes: O, A, C, Asia 1, South African Territories (SAT) 1, 2, 3 and multiple subtypes within each serotype. FMD outbreaks due to SAT 2 have been reported in many African countries. The development of a rapid and easily performed test for FMD detection is critical for controlling FMD outbreaks and containing its spread. The present project developed a lateral flow immunochromatographic (LFI) strip test for the rapid detection of FMDV SAT 2. A panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against FMDV serotype SAT 2 was produced and characterized. One mAb (#10) was selected as the capture mAb because it reacted to all 23 SAT 2 isolates archived at the National Center for Foreign Animal Disease. The LFI strip test was developed using biotin‐conjugated mAb #10, and the colloid gold‐conjugated FMDV serotype‐independent mAb as the detection mAb. A generic Rapid Assay Device (gRAD) with one test line and a control line was used for the test. The LFI strip test detected all 23 tested SAT 2 isolates and recent outbreak strains. The results indicated that the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity of the LFI strip test were greater than the double antibody sandwich (DAS) DAS ELISA. The ability of the LFI strip test to produce rapid diagnostic results will be useful for early on‐site diagnosis during FMD outbreaks.