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Comparison of carbon skeletal structures in black humic acids from different soil origins

Ikeya, Kosuke, Maie, Nagamitsu, Han, Xiaozeng, Wang, Guanghua, Watanabe, Akira
Soil science and plant nutrition 2019 v.65 no.2 pp. 109-113
Andosols, Cambisols, Chernozems, X-ray diffraction, carbon, chelating agents, humic acids, humification, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, paddies, sodium hydroxide, sodium pyrophosphate, stable isotopes, washing
Andosols are characterized by an abundance of black humic acids (HAs) belonging to Type A with a high content of aromatic carbon (C) in particular condensed aromatic C. Black HAs are also observed in other soils, such as Chernozems and the subsoil of paddy field, and extracted after washing with an acid or using chelating agent such as sodium pyrophosphate (Na₄P₂O₇). However, contribution of condensed aromatic structures to those soil HAs are unknown. To obtain the information about C skeletal structures of black HAs in soils other than Andosols, HAs were obtained from 2 Chinese Chernozem samples, 2 subsoil samples from Japanese paddy fields (Fulvisols), and a Rendzina-like soil (Cambisols) as well as an Andosol sample (reference) by successive extraction with 0.1 M NaOH (HAs₁) and 0.1 M Na₄P₂O₇ (HAs₂), and ¹³C nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray diffraction 11-band profile analyses were applied. In the black HAs₂ from the non-Andosol samples, the proportion of C present as aromatic C, size of C layer planes, and relative C layer plane content ranged from 52 to 59%, 0.48 to 1.92 nm (mean size, 0.76–0.91 nm), and 58 to 100 AU (arbitrary unit) mg⁻¹, respectively, with a positive correlation between total C layer plane content and the degree of humification. Those ranges were similar to the distribution ranges of Andosols HAs₁ reported by our previous study.