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Effects of Bacillus subtilis on the growth, colony maintenance, and attached bacterial community composition of colonial cyanobacteria

Bi, Xiangdong, Dai, Wei, Wang, Xueying, Dong, Shaojie, Zhang, Shulin, Zhang, Dajuan, Shi, Hongyue
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.15 pp. 14977-14987
Bacillus subtilis, Cyanobacteria, Ensifer, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Shewanella, algicides, bacteria, bacterial communities, community structure, freshwater aquaculture, ponds
In freshwater aquaculture ponds, application of algicidal Bacillus is a promising way in the control of cyanobacterial blooms. To best understand Bacillus algicidal characters and mechanisms in the field, different-sized colonial cyanobacteria were isolated from an aquaculture pond, and the effects of B. subtilis on their growth, colony maintenance, and colony-attached bacterial community composition were investigated. The results showed that B. subtilis could inhibit the growth of colonial cyanobacteria. Bigger-sized colonies isolated from the field could spontaneously disintegrate into smaller-sized colonies in the laboratory. Algicidal B. subtilis could accelerate the disintegration of colonies and decrease colony size. B. subtilis not only decreased the colony-attached bacterial community diversity but also changed its composition. B. subtilis increased the relative abundances of some attached bacterial genera, including Pseudomonas, Shewanella, Bacillus, Shinella, Rhizobium, and Ensifer. These bacteria with algicidal, microcystin-degrading, and flocculating activities might be an important contributor to algicidal effects of B. subtilis on colonial cyanobacteria.