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Toxicological potential of cobalt in forage for ruminants grown in polluted soil: a health risk assessment from trace metal pollution for livestock

Author:
Khan, Zafar Iqbal, Arshad, Nimra, Ahmad, Kafeel, Nadeem, Muhammad, Ashfaq, Asma, Wajid, Kinza, Bashir, Humayun, Munir, Mudasra, Huma, Bushra, Memoona, Hafsa, Sana, Madiha, Nawaz, Khalid, Sher, Muhammad, Abbas, Taswar, Ugulu, Ilker
Source:
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.15 pp. 15381-15389
ISSN:
0944-1344
Subject:
atomic absorption spectrometry, bioaccumulation factor, blood plasma, buffaloes, cobalt, forage, gases, health effects assessments, polluted soils, pollution, risk, roads, roadsides, soil sampling, Japan
Abstract:
The trace metal pollution in the environment is a highly concerned issue in these days. One of the important causes of trace metal pollution is the exhaust gases released from the vehicles on the roads. These dangerous gases pose life-threatening effects on the forage plants grown along the roadside as these plants are at direct risk to these trace metals. The aims of the present study were to determine the cobalt (Co) concentrations in soil, forages, and blood plasma of the buffaloes and to evaluate the Co deficiencies and toxicities in these samples. All samples were collected from six sites (Faisalabad roadside, Bhalwal roadside, Shaheenabad roadside, Mateela roadside, 50 Chak roadside, and Dera Saudi-control) of Sargodha city. The Co concentrations in these samples were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AA-6300 Shimadzu Japan). In soil samples, Co level ranged from 1.958 to 3.457 mg/kg in the six sampling sites. The highest Co level was observed at site 6 and the lowest at site 2. In forage samples, Co level ranged from 0.770 to 2.309 mg/kg in the six sampling sites. The highest Co level was observed at site 3 and the lowest at site 2. In blood plasma samples, Co level ranged from 2.644 to 4.927 mg/kg in the six sampling sites. The highest Co level was observed at site 1 and the lowest at site 3. The results showed higher Co values in the samples collected from the site IV while the bioconcentration factor for forage-soil was found highest in the samples collected from Site III. On the other hand, a correlation was found positively significant when soil and forage were correlated, and it was found negatively significant when blood and forage were correlated.
Agid:
6447778