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Enhancement of rotator cuff tendon–bone healing using combined aligned electrospun fibrous membranes and kartogenin

Zhu, Qi, Ma, Zhijie, Li, Haiyan, Wang, Haiming, He, Yaohua
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.27 pp. 15582-15592
collagen, mesenchymal stromal cells, models, nanofibers, rats, scanning electron microscopy, tissue engineering, tissue repair
Rotator cuff tear (RCT) is a major challenging shoulder disease because the fibrocartilage zone is hard to regenerate in the enthesis. Electrospun membranes with aligned nanofibers can guide the ordered tissue regeneration and kartogenin (KGN) is able to stimulate chondrocyte differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. In this study, we fabricated a functional engineered scaffold for regenerating tendon–bone enthesis in RCTs by taking advantage of both the structural guiding ability of aligned nanofibers and the biology effects of KGN. Polycaprolactone (PCL) fibrous membranes with aligned nanofibers loaded with or without KGN were fabricated using electrospinning and characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The release of KGN from PCL membranes and the effects of KGN on differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells were investigated. Results indicated that 100 μM KGN-loaded PCL (KGN-PCL) membranes significantly stimulated chondrogenic and tenogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells. In addition, after PCL and 100 μM KGN-PCL membranes were applied to an acute rat RCT model, KGN-PCL membranes promoted fibrocartilage formation and collagen organization as well as increased cross-sectional area and load failure. In conclusion, PCL electrospun fibrous membranes with aligned nanofibers and KGN could be an effective tissue engineering scaffold to enhance tendon–bone healing in RCTs.