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Facile synthesis of prickly platinum-palladium core-shell nanocrystals and their boosted electrocatalytic activity towards polyhydric alcohols oxidation and hydrogen evolution

Li, Dong-Ning, He, Ya-Mei, Feng, Jiu-Ju, Zhang, Qian-Li, Zhang, Lu, Wu, Liang, Wang, Ai-Jun
Journal of colloid and interface science 2018 v.516 pp. 476-483
X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, catalysts, catalytic activity, electrochemistry, ethylene glycol, glycerol, hydrogen production, nanocrystals, nanoparticles, oxidation, palladium, platinum, pyrrolidones, sodium, stabilizers
Herein, prickly platinum-palladium core-shell nanocrystals (Pt@Pd NCs) were prepared by a facile one-pot aqueous method, only taking sodium pyrrolidone carboxylate (PCA-Na) as the structure director and stabilizing agent. The products were mainly characterized by microscopic analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), followed by discussing the formation mechanism in details. The electrochemical characterizations were examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) and chronoamperometry (CA). The results revealed that the prepared architectures had the biggest current density (58.4 mA cm–2) for ethylene glycol oxidation, which is 3.5-fold, 1.2-fold, 2.3-fold and 2.4-flod enhancement relative to those of home-made single Pt nanoparticles (NPs) and Pd NPs, commercial Pt black and Pd black catalysts, respectively. Also, the obtained Pt@Pd NCs showed improved catalytic activity and stability towards glycerol oxidation and hydrogen evolution reactions compared to the references.