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Effect of ipragliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, on cardiac histopathological changes in a non-diabetic rat model of cardiomyopathy

Takasu, Toshiyuki, Takakura, Shoji
Life sciences 2019 v.230 pp. 19-27
animal disease models, blood, blood glucose, cardiomyocytes, cardiomyopathy, cardioprotective effect, echocardiography, excretion, fibrosis, glucose, heart rate, histopathology, hypertrophy, males, obesity, patients, rats, sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, symporters, systolic blood pressure, urine
We investigated the effect of the selective sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor ipragliflozin on cardiac dysfunction and histopathology in a non-diabetic rat model of cardiomyopathy.Ipragliflozin was mixed with chow (0.01%, w/w) and administered to male DahlS.Z-Leprfa/Leprfa (DS/obese) rats for 8 weeks. Male DahlS.Z-Lepr+/Lepr+ (DS/lean) rats of the same age were used as controls. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) were measured every 4 weeks. After 8 weeks of treatment, echocardiography and histopathological examinations were performed. Further, the effect of ipragliflozin on blood and urine parameters were investigated.In the DS/obese rats, ipragliflozin delayed the age-related increase in SBP without affecting HR, reduced left ventricular (LV) mass and intraventricular septal thickness in echocardiography, and ameliorated hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes and LV fibrosis in histopathological examination. Although ipragliflozin significantly increased both urine volume and urinary glucose excretion in DS/obese rats, it did not alter plasma glucose levels.Ipragliflozin prevented LV hypertrophy and fibrosis in non-diabetic DS/obese rats without affecting plasma glucose levels. These findings suggest that SGLT2 inhibitors have a cardio-protective effect in non-diabetic patients with cardiomyopathy.