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Hepatotoxicity and renal toxicity induced by gamma-radiation and the modulatory protective effect of Ficus carica in male albino rats

Fouad, Dalia, Alhatem, Hassah, Abdel-Gaber, Rewaida, Ataya, Farid
Research in veterinary science 2019 v.125 pp. 24-35
Ficus carica, alanine transaminase, albino, albumins, antioxidants, apoptosis, aspartate transaminase, cytochrome c, cytotoxicity, free radicals, gamma radiation, gene expression, hepatotoxicity, immunohistochemistry, irradiation, kidneys, liver, males, nephrotoxicity, oral administration, protective effect, rats, urea
It is well-known that gamma radiation initiates generation of free radicals which prompting serious cellular damages in biological systems. In the present study, we investigated the role of Ficus carica, a natural antioxidant substance, in modulating changes in liver and kidney functions, antioxidant enzyme's gene expression, and apoptosis, in male albino rats exposed to gamma radiation. A total of 40 rats were used in this experiment and divided equally into 4 groups: Group 1, rats administered distilled H2O (Control); Group 2, rats administered F. carica; Group 3, rats irradiated; and Group 4, rats treated with F. carica and irradiated. Groups 3 and 4 were exposed to whole-body gamma radiations at a dose level of 8 Gy and with a dose rate of 0.762 Gy/min. F. carica was administered to rats by gavage, for 3 consecutive weeks, before exposure to radiation. Five rats were sacrificed from each group at intervals of 24 and 72 h after cessation of treatment. The results revealed marked increases in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels in liver, a decrease in albumin level and increase in urea level in kidney. Irradiation resulted in cytotoxic effects as indicated by elevation in antioxidant enzyme's gene expression at 24 h, the opposite was observed at 72 h. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that cytochrome c and p53 expressions significantly increased following exposure to radiation. Oral administration of F. carica pre-irradiation as a natural product plays a modulatory protective and anti-apoptotic role against cells damaged by free radicals induced by whole-body irradiation.