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Comprehensive evaluation on removal of lead by graphene oxide and metal organic framework
- Jun, Byung-Moon, Kim, Sewoon, Kim, Yejin, Her, Namguk, Heo, Jiyong, Han, Jonghun, Jang, Min, Park, Chang Min, Yoon, Yeomin
- Chemosphere 2019 v.231 pp. 82-92
- adsorbents, adsorption, cadmium, coordination polymers, copper, graphene oxide, heavy metals, humic acids, hydrochemistry, ions, lead, models, pH, sorption isotherms, surface area, zinc
- Graphene oxide (GO) and metal−organic framework (MOF) as adsorbents were applied to removal of Pb(II) with comprehensive characterizations and various experimental conditions. Various characterizations were conducted to clarify the physico-chemical properties of adsorbents. The analyses of adsorption experiments included (i) dosage amounts, (ii) isotherm and kinetic studies, and (iii) several factors related to water chemistry (i.e., solution pH, background ions, and humic acid). The maximum equilibrium adsorption capacity (qe) for Pb(II) using the GO and MOF was 555 and 108 mg g−1, respectively, as determined in the optimum dosage experiments. Although the surface area of the MOF (629 m2 g−1) was much larger than that of the GO (19.8 m2 g−1), the adsorption capacity of the MOF was five times lower due to electrical repulsion. Thus, the MOF was utilized as the control group for comparison with the GO to evaluate the adsorption mechanisms in the experiments related to surface charge (i.e., under various pH and humic acid conditions). The adsorption isotherms and kinetics model determined using GO followed the Langmuir model (R2 > 0.99) and pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.99), respectively. Additionally, three adsorption-desorption cycles were conducted with the GO adsorbent to evaluate the maintenance of the removal ratio after regeneration and the equilibrium adsorption capacity was determined. Finally, the adsorption of other heavy metals (i.e., Cu(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II)), separately and in mixtures, was also evaluated to determine the selectivity of the adsorbents.