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Construction of recombinant capripoxviruses as vaccine vectors for delivering foreign antigens: Methodology and application

Liu, Fuxiao, Zhang, Hongliang, Liu, Wenhua
Comparative immunology, microbiology, and infectious diseases 2019 v.65 pp. 181-188
Goatpox virus, Lumpy skin disease virus, Sheeppox virus, antigens, cattle, disease severity, homologous recombination, live vaccines, lumpy skin disease, recombinant vaccines, sheep, signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
Goatpox (GTP), sheeppox (SPP) and lumpy skin disease (LSD) are three severe diseases of goat, sheep and cattle. Their typical clinical symptoms are characterized by vesicles, papules, nodules, pustules and scabs on animal skins. The GTP, SPP and LSD are caused by goatpox virus (GTPV), sheeppox virus (SPPV) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV), respectively, all of which belong to the genus Capripoxvirus in the family Poxviridae. Several capripoxvirus (CaPV) isolates have been virulently attenuated through serial passaging in vitro for production of live vaccines. CaPV-based vector systems have been broadly used to construct recombinant vaccines for delivering foreign antigens, many of which have been demonstrated to induce effective immune protections. Homologous recombination is the most commonly used method for constructing recombinant CaPVs. Here, we described a methodology for generation of recombinant CaPVs by the homologous recombination, and further reviewed CaPV-vectored vaccines for delivering foreign antigens.