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Ozone exposure- and flux-yield response relationships for maize
- Peng, Jinlong, Shang, Bo, Xu, Yansen, Feng, Zhaozhong, Pleijel, Håkan, Calatayud, Vicent
- Environmental pollution 2019 v.252 pp. 1-7
- corn, crop yield, crops, models, ozone, phytotoxicity, risk assessment, solar radiation, stomatal conductance, vapor pressure deficit, Asia
- A stomatal ozone (O₃) flux-response relationship for relative yield of maize was established by parameterizing a Jarvis stomatal conductance model. For the function (fVPD) describing the limitation of stomatal conductance by vapor pressure deficit (VPD, kPa), cumulative VPD during daylight hours was superior to hourly VPD. The latter function is proposed as a methodological improvement of this multiplicative model when stomatal conductance peaks during the morning and it is reduced later as it is the case of maize in this experiment. The model agreed relatively well with the measured stomatal conductance (R² = 0.63). Based on the comparison of R² values of the response functions, POD₆ (Phytotoxic Ozone Dose over an hourly threshold 6 nmol m⁻² s⁻¹) and AOT40 (accumulated hourly O₃ concentrations over a threshold of 40 ppb) performed similarly. The critical levels based on POD₆ and AOT40 for 5% reduction in maize yield were 1.17 mmol m⁻² PLA and 8.70 ppm h, respectively. In comparison with other important crops, the ranking of sensitivity of maize strongly differed depending on the O₃ metric used, AOT40 or POD₆. The newly proposed response functions are relevant for O₃ risk assessment for this crop in Asia.