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Multiple bimetallic (Al-La or Fe-La) hydroxides embedded in cellulose/graphene hybrids for uptake of fluoride with phosphate surroundings
- Guo, Yali, Xing, Xu, Shang, Yanan, Gao, Baoyu, Zhang, Lei, Yue, Qinyan, Qian, Li, Wang, Zihang
- Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.379 pp. 120634
- adsorption, cellulose, fluorides, graphene, hydroxides, iron oxides, lanthanum oxide, pH, phosphates
- To insight into the selective adsorption mechanism of fluoride in the bimetallic system, Fe-La or Al-La composites were comparatively embedded onto the cellulose/graphene hybrids (CG hybrids) to fabricate the Fe-La@CG hybrids or Al-La@CG hybrids for fluoride uptake with existing phosphate. The results showed that Al-La@CG hybrids were mainly in the amorphous nature, while Fe-La@CG hybrids have the identical diffraction peaks as compared with those of hydrated lanthanum oxides (HLO) and hydrated iron oxides (HFO). Fluoride capture by Al-La@CG and Fe-La@CG hybrids followed the similar tendencies with the pH altering, but the adsorption performance of Al-La@CG hybrids was better than that of Fe-La@CG hybrids at the same pH levels. Adsorption of fluoride onto Al-La@CG hybrids exhibited less sensitivity and high selectivity with existing phosphate as compared with that of Fe-La@CG hybrids, which further indicated that the Al-La@CG hybrids were more preferable for fluoride adsorption. The fraction areas of La-F and Al-F accounted for 79.1 % and 20.9%, which indicated that the fluoride onto the Al-La@CG hybrids was mainly based on the La species. Similarly, La-F in exhausted Fe-La@CG hybrids accounted for 55.6%, higher than that (44.4%) of Fe-F.