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Manipulation of plant methylglyoxal metabolic and signaling pathways for improving tolerance to drought stress
- Askari-Khorasgani, Omid, Pessarakli, Mohammad
- Journal of plant nutrition 2019 v.42 no.10 pp. 1268-1275
- abscisic acid, alcohol oxidoreductases, biosynthesis, brassinosteroids, crop production, genes, homeostasis, jasmonic acid, plant growth, salicylic acid, signal transduction, water stress
- Drought stress is considered one of the major constraints to crop production with devastating effects worldwide. Methylglyoxal (MG) homeostasis plays an essential role in promoting plant growth, development, metabolic adaptation, signal transduction, and thereby responses to drought stress. Manipulation of genes encoding aldose-aldehyde reductases (ALRs), aldo– keto reductases (AKRs), genes that are involved in maintaining high ascorbate:glutathione (AsA:GSH), glutathione:glutathione disulfide (GSH:GSSG) contents and ratios, as well as jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis are of critical importance for improving MG detoxification, and thereby tolerance to drought stress. MG detoxification by maintaining optimal abscisic acid (ABA), JA, salicyclic acid (SA), and brassinosteroid (BR) homeostasis and crosstalk is also essential to optimize plant performance under both normal and drought stress conditions.