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Effects of biochar application on phreatic water evaporation and water-salt distribution in coastal saline soil
- Yang, Runya, Zhou, Cuixiang, Zhu, Jinjin, Pan, Yinghua, Sun, Junna, Zhang, Zhenhua
- Journal of plant nutrition 2019 v.42 no.10 pp. 1243-1253
- adsorption, application rate, biochar, evaporation, saline soils, salinity, sodium, soil water, soil water retention, water distribution
- A 35-day simulated evaporation experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of biochar application on phreatic water evaporation and water-salt distribution in coastal saline soil. Three biochar rates (0, 1%, and 5%; w/w) were applied to 65-cm-long soil columns. Results showed that applying the low biochar application rate effectively inhibited soil water evaporation. The 1% biochar treatment resulted in 4.4% lower cumulative soil water evaporation compared with the control, while it caused salt accumulation in the surface soil. By contrast, the high biochar application rate had little effect on cumulative soil water evaporation. Nonetheless, the 5% biochar treatment significantly increased the soil water-holding capacity while decreasing sodium adsorption ratio and salinity in the surface soil. In conclusion, applying a higher biochar rate (e.g., 5%) could improve salt water-distribution in the coastal saline soil under the experimental conditions.