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Evaluation of the microbiological safety and sensory quality of a sliced cured-smoked pork product with protective cultures addition and modified atmosphere packaging

Casquete, Rocío, Fonseca, Susana C, Pinto, Ricardo, Castro, Sónia M, Todorov, Svetoslav, Teixeira, Paula, Vaz-Velho, Manuela
Food science and technology international 2019 v.25 no.4 pp. 327-336
Lactobacillus curvatus, Lactobacillus sakei, Listeria innocua, Listeria monocytogenes, Pediococcus acidilactici, Staphylococcus xylosus, antibacterial properties, biopreservation, lactic acid bacteria, microbiological quality, modified atmosphere packaging, nitrogen, pork, ready-to-eat foods, sensory properties, storage time
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two protective lactic acid bacteria cultures combined with modified atmosphere packaging on the survival/growth of Listeria innocua 2030c (as a surrogate for Listeria monocytogenes) and on sensory attributes of ready-to-eat ‘lombo’ over storage time. Sliced ‘lombo’, a traditional cured-smoked pork loin, was inoculated with L. innocua 2030c, Lactobacillus sakei ST153 (isolated from ‘salpicão’) and BLC35 culture (with Lactobacillus curvatus, Staphylococcus xylosus and Pediococcus acidilactici; CHR Hansen) as protective cultures. Samples were packed in two modified atmosphere packaging conditions (20% CO₂/80% N₂ and 40% CO₂/60% N₂) and stored at 5 ℃ for 124 days. Both cultures led to a reduction of 1–2 log CFU/g of L. innocua 2030c after 12 h; however, at the end of storage only Lb. sakei ST153 maintained this antilisterial effect, which was more evident at 40% CO₂/60% N₂. The influence of cultures addition and modified atmosphere packaging conditions on the sensory characteristics of the product were not significant. Thus, Lb. sakei ST153 combined with modified atmosphere packaging is a strong candidate to be used in a biopreservation strategy maintaining the traditional sensory quality of cured-smoked pork products and increasing their safety with respect to Listeria spp.