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Inheritance pattern of genes for morpho-physiological and yield traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
- Kumar, J., Kumar, A., Kumar, M., Singh, S.K., Singh, L.
- Cereal research communications 2019 v.47 no.2 pp. 191-204
- Triticum aestivum, canopy, chlorophyll, flowering, genes, genetic analysis, genotype, grain yield, harvest index, inheritance (genetics), plant height, protein content, spikelets, temperature, variance, wheat
- In order to study the inheritance pattern of morpho-physiological traits in bread wheat, a 10×10 diallel cross, excluding reciprocals was made and grown in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Observations were recorded on Days to 75% flowering (DF), Days to maturity (DM), Duration of reproductive phase (DRP), Plant height (cm) (PH), Effective tiller/plant (TLS), No. of spikelets per spike (SLS), No. of grains per spike (GS), Grain weight per spike (g) (GW), Spike length (cm) (SL), Biological yield per plant (g) (BY), Harvest index (%) (HI), 1000-Grain weight (g) (TGW), Spike density (SD), Canopy temperature depression (°C) (CTD), Chlorophyll intensity (%) (CI), Chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm) (CF), Protein content (%) (PC), Grain yield per plant (g) (GY). Highly significant differences were observed among the genotypes for all traits. The resulted 45 F₁ₛ and their F₂s used for study the nature of gene for grain yield and its contributing traits in bread wheat. The result indicated that considerable gene action and average degree of dominance respond to achieving significant result for grain yield and its component traits. In both the generations F₁s and F₂s, grain yield per plant (g) was governed by non-additive gene action based on combining ability analysis, (σ² g/σ² s)⁰.⁵ [GCA and SCA variance ratio] and (H₁/D)⁰.⁵ [Degree of dominance] were exhibited over dominance type average degree of dominance for grain yield and its component traits in both generations. Genetic analyses of the traits confirm the involvement of both additive and non-additive gene effects in governing the inheritance.