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Nitrogen and oxygen co-doped porous carbon nanosheets as high-rate and long-lifetime anode materials for high-performance Li-ion capacitors
- Liu, Mengyue, Zhang, Zhengping, Dou, Meiling, Li, Zhilin, Wang, Feng
- Carbon 2019 v.151 pp. 28-35
- anodes, aqueous solutions, carbon, carbonization, electrical conductivity, electrical equipment, energy, energy density, freeze drying, gelatin, ice, lithium, nanosheets, nitrogen, oxygen, potassium chloride, scales (integument), washing
- The rational design and sustainable synthesis of high-performance electrode materials are crucial for the practical applications of Li-ion capacitors. Herein, we demonstrate a sustainable strategy for the synthesis of N and O co-doped porous carbon nanosheets via the extraction of gelatin from the fish scales by KCl aqueous solution, lyophilization, and carbonization followed by water washing. With the help of ice/KCl double templates, the resulting sample possesses porous nanosheet structure with the thickness of ca. 4 nm, numerous N and O heteroatoms (8.2 at.% for N, 8.4 at.% for O) derived from gelatin and good electric conductivity (111 S m−1). When used as the anode material for Li-ion storage, it shows surprising rate capability (249 mAh g−1 at 50 A g−1) and cycling performance (without decay in 10,000 cycles) in half cells. Consequently, a hybrid Li-ion capacitor based on the carbon nanosheet anode delivers a high energy density (184 Wh kg−1), an ultrahigh power density (78.1 kW kg−1), and an ultralong lifetime (with energy retention of 70% after 10 000 cycles).