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Correlation between biophysical seed characteristics of rice bean, Vigna umbellata (Fabaceae: Faboideae: Phaseoleae) and the development of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae)

Kaur, Harmeet, Gill, R.S., Kaur, Ranjit
Journal of stored products research 2019 v.83 pp. 9-13
Callosobruchus maculatus, Chrysomelidae, Vigna umbellata, genotype, hardness, instars, larvae, mung beans, oviposition, pupae, seed coat, seed size, seed texture, seed weight, storage pests
The bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus is a serious pest of stored pulses. Four biophysical seed characteristics viz. Seed size, texture of seed surface, thickness of seed coat and seed hardness of 10 genotypes of rice bean, a wild pulse crop were investigated for assessing mechanism of resistance against C. maculatus. Oviposition preference and larval penetration in seed coat did not differ significantly among different test genotypes. Highest number of larvae which developed up to last larval/pupal instar were observed in susceptible check variety of mungbean, PAU 911 (30.00) and lowest in rice bean genotype, LRB 535 (0.83). Highest and lowest seed weight was noticed in rice bean genotype, LRB 529 (6.81 g) and PAU 911 (3.88 g), respectively. Almost similar seed coat thickness was recorded among different test genotypes. Maximum seed hardness was noted in genotype LRB 507 (6.45 kg) whereas minimum in PAU 911 (2.00 kg) among all test genotypes. Any remarkable correlation of biophysical seed characteristics of test genotypes with ovipositon, larval penetration and development of C. maculatus was not observed. Thus, biophysical seed characteristics of rice bean did not suggest to play a vital role in imparting resistance against C. maculatus.