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Microbiological profiles in clinical and subclinical cases of mastitis in milking Jafarabadi buffalo

Patel, Reena, Kunjadia, Prashant, Koringa, Prakash, Joshi, Chaitanya, Kunjadiya, Anju
Research in veterinary science 2019 v.125 pp. 94-99
Enterococcus, Escherichia, Lactococcus, Ralstonia, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, bacteria, buffaloes, dairy cows, dairy industry, data analysis, databases, genes, mastitis, microbial ecology, milk, milking, pathogens, phylogeny, sequence analysis, statistical analysis, therapeutics
Mastitis is one of the important diseases affecting the dairy industry across the globe. Identification of bacterial pathogens associated with mastitis becomes essential in order to understand the etiology of disease which in turn will help to new strategies to control it. Microbial diversity analysis using pyrosequencing is widely studied for mastitis pathogens in dairy cows. However it is unexplored in case of buffalo. In the present study 16SrDNA gene pyrosequencing was used to characterize microbiota associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis in 28 Jafarabadi buffalo. The obtained sequencing data were analyzed by Quantitative Insights into Microbial Ecology (QIIME) and statistical analysis was done using Paleontological Statistics (PAST). Pyrosequencing produced 47.3 million base pairs reads. Phylogenetic profiles using ribosomal database revealed differences in abundance of Staphylococcus (25.95%, 10.09% and 0.03%), Enterococcus (10.80%, 8.72% and 0.36%), Escherichia (8.88%, 0.38% and 0.00%), Streptococcus (3.97%, 0.42% and 0.00%), Lactococcus (3.73%, 23.96% and 0.01%), and Ralstonia (0.54%, 12.72% and 0.00%), genera in clinical, subclinical and healthy samples, respectively. Different microbial profiles in clinical and subclinical mastitis in buffalo suggest the composition of bacteria in the milk is more diverse and complex hence single therapeutic regimes cannot be applied.