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Unveiling the activating mechanism of tea residue for boosting the biological decolorization performance of refractory dye

Zheng, Xiulin, Xie, Xuehui, Yu, Chengzhi, Zhang, Qingyun, Wang, Yiqin, Cong, Junhao, Liu, Na, He, Zhenjiang, Yang, Bo, Liu, Jianshe
Chemosphere 2019 v.233 pp. 110-119
Bordetella, Stenotrophomonas, anthraquinones, bacteria, community structure, decolorization, dyes, epigallocatechin gallate, lakes, tea
Conventional microbial treatments are challenged by new synthetic refractory dyes. In this work, tea residue was found serving as an effective activator to boost the decolorization performance of anthraquinone dye (reactive blue 19, RB19) by a new bacterial flora DDMY2. The unfermented West Lake Longjing tea residue showed the best enhancement performance. Seventeen main kinds of components in tea residue had been selected to take separate and orthogonal experiments on decolorization of RB19 by DDMY2. Results suggested epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in tea residue played important roles in boosting the treatment performance. Illumina MiSeq sequencing results confirmed that EGCG and tea residue pose similar impact on the change of DDMY2 community structure. Some functional bacterial genera unclassified_o_Pseudomonadales, Stenotrophomonas and Bordetella were enriched during the treatment of RB19 by EGCG and tea residue. These evidences suggested EGCG might be the key active component in tea residue that responsible for the enhancement effect on decolorization performance. These results revealed the activating mechanism of tea residue from the perspective of composition.