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Programmable stimuli-responsive polypeptides for biomimetic synthesis of silica nanocomposites and enzyme self-immobilization
- Lin, Yuanqing, Jin, Wenhui, Qiu, Yue, Zhang, Guangya
- International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.134 pp. 1156-1169
- biomimetic synthesis, biotechnology, lysine, nanocomposites, polypeptides, purification methods, silica, xylanases
- Bioinspired silicification is an attractive route for achieving unique silica nanocomposites. Herein, a novel, facile and inexpensive route for biosilica synthesis is developed using the stimuli-responsive elastin-like polypeptide (ELP). The ELP is precisely tailored to a silica-mineralizing peptide by programming it with lysine residues. The resulting cationic ELP[KV8F-40] is purified in ultrahigh yield using a chromatography-free ITC purification technique based on thermal-responsive property. Excitingly, the specific activity of ELP is 40-fold higher than that of silaffin. Besides, efficient and strong entrapment of ELP is achieved with over 98% of immobilization yield and less than 2% of leakage. These imply that cationic ELP may be used as a bifunctional tag (purification and immobilization) for fusion protein. An enzyme (xylanase) is therefore chosen to genetically fuse to ELP. The ELP-fused xylanase is purified by ELP with high purity (~98%) and enables the rapid (within minutes) self-immobilization. The immobilization yield was greater than 95%, and the immobilized xylanases hardly leaked from the silica matrix, demonstrating high efficiency of the self-immobilization process. The strategy developed here may provide a new opportunity for fabricating functional silica nanocomposites in a feasible and inexpensive pathway, which will have great potentials in the field of biotechnology.