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Cloning, functional analysis, and microRNA-induced negative regulation of growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 γ (Gadd45g) in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

Fang, Yuan, Xu, Xiao-Yan, Zhang, Meng, Bai, Yulin, Zhang, Xue-shu, Shen, Yubang, Li, Jiale
Developmental and comparative immunology 2019 v.99 pp. 103400
Aeromonas hydrophila, Ctenopharyngodon idella, amino acids, bacterial diseases of plants, blood, brain, complementary DNA, genes, heart, interleukin-8, intestines, kidneys, liver, mammals, messenger RNA, microRNA, mitogen-activated protein kinase, open reading frames, plant pathogenic bacteria, proteins, spleen, tissues, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 gamma (Gadd45g) is a member of Gadd45 gene family of immunological proteins in mammals. Herein, we identified and characterised Gadd45g from grass carp. The cDNA spans over 1189 bp, with an open reading frame of 480 bp encoding a 159 amino acid protein. CiGadd45g mRNAs were expressed in all tissues investigated, with abundant expression in liver, kidney, heart, brain, blood and skin. Following infection with Aeromonas hydrophila, CiGadd45g expression was upregulated in these immune-related tissues (gill, liver, spleen, intestine, kidney and head kidney). Immune-related cytokines (p38 and JNK) and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-8, IFN-1 and TNF-α) were activated by CiGadd45g. CiGadd45g and downstream genes were regulated by microRNA miR-429b. These results indicate that CiGadd45g plays an important immune role in the response to A. hydrophila infection in grass carp.