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Distribution, availability and translocation of heavy metals in soil-oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) system related to soil properties

Cao, Xuerui, Wang, Xiaozi, Tong, Wenbin, Gurajala, Hanumanth Kumar, Lu, Min, Hamid, Yasir, Feng, Ying, He, Zhenli, Yang, Xiaoe
Environmental pollution 2019 v.252 pp. 733-741
Brassica napus, agricultural soils, bioavailability, cadmium, cation exchange capacity, cultivars, field experimentation, heavy metals, lead, phosphorus, phytoaccumulation, potassium, regression analysis, roots, sand, shoots, soil organic matter, winter
Heavy metals contamination in agricultural soil has become a worldwide problem, and soil characteristics modulate metal availability in soils. Four field experiments were conducted simultaneously to evaluate concentration and distribution of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in 39 oilseed rape cultivars at four agricultural locations with different contamination levels of Cd and Pb, as well as the influence of soil characteristics together with soil total and bioavailable Cd and Pb concentration on metal transfer from soil to oilseed rape. Shoot concentrations of Cd and Pb in oilseed rape cultivars ranged from 0.09 to 3.18 and from 0.01 to 10.5 mg kg−1 across four sites. For most cultivars, Cd concentration in root or shoot were higher than pod and lowest in seed, while the highest Pb concentration was observed in root followed by shoot and seed. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis allows for a better estimation of Cd and Pb concentration in oilseed rape while taking soil properties into consideration. The results demonstrated that Cd and Pb concentration in oilseed rape were correlated with soil organic matter (OM), cation exchange capacity (CEC), available phosphorus (AP), available potassium (AK), sand, soil total and available Cd and Pb concentration, and R2 varied from 0.993 to 0.999 (P < 0.05). The Cd and Pb levels found in oilseed rape indicated its phytoextraction potential for Cd and Pb co-contaminated agricultural soils in winter without stopping agricultural activities.