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Acute and subacute toxicity evaluation of ethanol extract from aerial parts of Epigynum auritum in mice

Yang, Meilian, Wu, Zihuan, Wang, Yudan, Kai, Guoyin, Singor Njateng, Guy Sedar, Cai, Shengbao, Cao, Jianxin, Cheng, Guiguang
Food and chemical toxicology 2019 v.131 pp. 110534
acute toxicity, adverse effects, aerial parts, blood serum, ethanol, histology, kidneys, lethal dose 50, liver, mice, oral administration, spleen, subacute toxicity, toxicity testing
Acute and subacute toxicities of the ethanol extract from Epigynum auritum (EAE) wereperformed by oral administration in pathogen-free mice. Acute toxicity study was performed at a single dose of 5000 mg/kg for 14 consecutive days, while subacute toxicity test was conducted by daily oral administration of EAE at doses of 312, 625, 1250, and 2500 mg/kg for 28 days. Acute toxicity study showed that LD50 of EAE was over 5000 mg/kg. The results of subacute toxicity showed no significant adverse effect of EAE at 312 mg/kg. Moreover, EAE exhibited toxicities to liver, spleen and kidney in mice determined by hematological, serum biochemical and histological analyses during daily oral administration of 1250 mg/kg and 2500 mg/kg EAE. The results revealed that the dose of EAE lower than 625 mg/kg can be regarded as safe.