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A nanoscale “yarn ball”-like heteropoly blue catalyst for extremely efficient elimination of antibiotics and dyes

Hu, Yi, Li, Yulian, He, Junyong, Zhang, Kaisheng, Liu, Tao, Huang, Xingjiu, Kong, Lingtao, Liu, Jinhuai
Journal of environmental management 2019 v.245 pp. 291-301
aquatic environment, catalysts, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, hydroxyl radicals, malachite green, methyl orange, oxidation, pH, photocatalysis, pollution, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, wastewater treatment
Fenton system is one of the most popular methods to eliminate antibiotics and dyes in aquatic environment. However, the existed Fenton system is limited by various factors such as potential second pollution and narrow pH range. In this study, we report that the bottlenecks for high strength antibiotics and dyes wastewater treatment at a wide pH range can be well tackled by the nanoscale “yarn ball”-like Mo/W-containing heteropoly blue (HPB) catalyst Mg₂Ti₆Mo₂₃O₁₁₉SiW₁₂ (1). This novel catalyst displayed extremely efficient elimination for several typical organic contaminants such as malachite green (MG), tetracycline (TC) and methyl orange (MO). Compared with other materials reported in previous papers, the catalytic performance of 1 in degradation of the organic contaminants of high concentrations increased several times. More than 90% of antibiotics and dyes are degraded within 60 min. Electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments and UV–vis spectra confirmed that the catalytic mechanisms of 1 could mainly ascribe to the 1/H₂O₂ process and the possible photocatalytic oxidation of adsorbed H₂O by holes (h⁺) in the valence band (VB) of 1 surface generated ·OH for extremely efficient degradation of organic contaminants. This work widens the optimal pH values up to neutral condition and it's significant for the expansion of the heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst family and its application in the field of water treatment.