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Ferrous metal-organic frameworks with stronger coordinatively unsaturated metal sites for persulfate activation to effectively degrade dibutyl phthalate in wastewater

Chi, Haiyuan, Wan, Jinquan, Ma, Yongwen, Wang, Yan, Ding, Su, Li, Xitong
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.377 pp. 163-171
catalysts, catalytic activity, coordination polymers, crystal structure, dibutyl phthalate, electrochemistry, electron transfer, ions, iron, oxidation, pH, persistent organic pollutants, wastewater
In the advanced oxidation system (AOPs) of persulfate (PS) activated by iron-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), aim at solving the problem on the treatment difficulty of wastewater with low concentration persistent organic pollutants (POPs), a new type of ferrous metal-organic frameworks (Fe(Ⅱ)-MOFs) with stronger coordinatively unsaturated metal sites (CUS) was successfully synthesized by different methods. The catalytic performance of Fe(Ⅱ)-MOFs was were obtained by the experiment of degrading dibutyl phthalate (DBP) through persulfate activation. It was found that the degradation efficiency of 0.018 mmol L−1 DBP was 86.73% under the conditions of 0.40 g L−1 and 2.70 mmol L−1 persulfate at a wide pH range. At the same time, the crystal structure and surface morphology of Fe(Ⅱ)-MOFs did not change significantly after reaction and it could still maintain the removal rate of 75.44% of the target pollutants in the fifth cycle. Furthermore, in the consideration of iron valence state of MOFs before and after reaction, and combined with the analysis of electrochemical properties, the possible mechanism of PS activation was proposed, namely the metastable electron layer inside ferrous ions produced the internal power to accelerate the electron transfer in CUS, leading to improve the activity of the catalyst.