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Greenhouse gas emissions from Uganda's cattle corridor farming systems
- Kiggundu, Nicholas, Ddungu, Stanley Peter, Wanyama, Joshua, Cherotich, Sam, Mpairwe, Denis, Zziwa, Emmanuel, Mutebi, Faizal, Falcucci, Alessandra
- Agricultural systems 2019 v.176 pp. 102649
- anaerobic digesters, cattle, emissions factor, environmental assessment, farming systems, fermentation, grazing, grazing systems, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, meat, milk, models, pollution control, Uganda
- The objective of this study was to estimate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from practised cattle farming systems (Stall, Semi-Intensive, Grazing, Tethering and Scavenging) and identify potential areas for GHG mitigation. Using the Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM-i), GHG emissions in 2016 were 2009 Gg CO2-eq/yr of which the Grazing system contributed 88.5%. Enteric fermentation produced about 75.8% of the total GHG emissions. At an annual growth rate of 3%, the projected GHG for 2020 and 2025 would increase by 12.6% and 30.7% respectively. The milk and meat emission intensities were far higher than the global averages. A reduction in grazing by 10% and a 10% increase in use of anaerobic digesters to handle manure resulted in a 4.4% reduction in annual GHG emission.