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Fast economic nonlinear model predictive control strategy of Organic Rankine Cycle for waste heat recovery: Simulation-based studies

Wu, Xialai, Chen, Junghui, Xie, Lei
Energy 2019 v.180 pp. 520-534
case studies, nonlinear models, waste heat recovery
Effective control for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) systems is required to ensure safety of each component and attain satisfactory performance in spite of the waste heat sources varying in a broad range. To maximally recover the waste heat and to handle the multivariate constraints during the ORC transient operation, in this paper an economic nonlinear model predictive controller (EMPC) using the net power output as an objective is designed. To fast obtain a solution of EMPC in practical applications, the computation of the gradient of the EMPC objective is simplified and the quasi-sequential method is employed for the online dynamic optimization of EMPC. Unlike the conventional nonlinear model predictive control (MPC) scheme, the results in a case study show that the proposed EMPC can quickly improve the net power output of the ORC system during the operation while still satisfying the load tracking requirements.