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Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic efficacy of skin and seed extracts of Momordica cymbalaria on alloxan induced diabetic model in rats

Elangovan, Abbirami, Subramanian, Abinaya, Durairaj, Siva, Ramachandran, Jeyadevi, Lakshmanan, Dinesh Kumar, Ravichandran, Guna, Nambirajan, Gayathri, Thilagar, Sivasudha
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2019 v.241 pp. 111989
Momordica cymbalaria, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, alloxan, animal disease models, antioxidants, aspartate transaminase, blood glucose, body weight, diabetes mellitus, fasting, glucose tolerance, histopathology, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, kidneys, lipemic effect, lipid composition, liver, oral administration, oxidative stress, pancreas, protective effect, rats, seed extracts, traditional medicine, vegetables
Momordica cymbalaria, a wild vegetable belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, has long been used as a food and a remedy for diabetes mellitus in the Asian native medicinal system.This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ethanolic extract of skin (EESK) and methanolic extract of seed (MESE) of M. cymbalaria (MC), for their hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in alloxan induced diabetic rats.The diabetes induced rats were given skin and seed extracts at doses 250 and 500 mg/kg b.w. p.o. for 28 days. Alloxan monohydrate (120 mg/kg) was used to induce diabetes mellitus. Daily food and water intake were assessed. Blood glucose levels and body weights were measured every 7 days throughout the experiment. Antioxidant assays, different biochemical and glycemic parameters were evaluated. Histopathological studies on pancreas, liver and kidney were also studied.Treatment of EESK and MESE showed dose significant decrease in fasting blood glucose level (FBG) in experimental diabetic animals with significant reduction in food and water intake and increase in body weight. Findings confirmed the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of EESK and MESE in the experimental groups. The impaired glucose tolerance and altered activities of the hepatic enzymes such as AST, ALT and ALP levels of diabetic rats were significantly improved by the administration of EESK and MESE. Oral treatment with MC extract for 28 days demonstrated significant protective effects on the lipid profile, biochemical parameters and antioxidant levels. Besides, biochemical findings were supported by histopathological investigations.These results suggest that the treatment with EESK and MESE of MC at a dose of 500 mg/kg b.w. have better protective effects against hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress generated during diabetes justifying the use of the plant in traditional systems of medicine.