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Transcriptomic response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) skeletal muscle to Flavobacterium psychrophilum

Rivas-Aravena, Andrea, Fuentes-Valenzuela, Marcia, Escobar-Aguirre, Sebastian, Gallardo-Escarate, Cristian, Molina, Alfredo, Valdés, Juan Antonio
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.31 pp. 100596
Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Oncorhynchus mykiss, apoptosis, aquaculture industry, bacterial cold-water disease, caspases, creatine kinase, cytotoxicity, enzyme activity, freshwater, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, muscle contraction, muscular atrophy, myoblasts, myositis, pathogenesis, pathogens, proteolysis, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), skeletal muscle, transcriptomics, ubiquitin
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the etiologic agent of rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS). This pathogen infects a wide variety of salmonid species during freshwater stages, causing significant losses in the aquaculture industry. Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) infected with F. psychrophilum, presents as the main external clinical sign ulcerative lesions and necrotic myositis in skeletal muscle. We previously reported the in vitro cytotoxic activity of F. psychrophilum on rainbow trout myoblast, however little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the in vivo pathogenesis in skeletal muscle.In this study, we examined the transcriptomic profiles of skeletal muscle tissue of rainbow trout intraperitoneally challenged with low infection dose of F. psychrophilum. Using high-throughput RNA-seq, we found that 233 transcripts were up-regulated, mostly associated to ubiquitin mediated proteolysis and apoptosis. Conversely, 189 transcripts were down-regulated, associated to skeletal muscle contraction. This molecular signature was consistent with creatine kinase activity in plasma and oxidative damage in skeletal muscle. Moreover, the increased caspase activity suggests as a whole skeletal muscle atrophy induced by F. psychrophilum. This study offers an integrative analysis of the skeletal muscle response to F. psychrophilum infection and reveals unknown aspects of its pathogenesis in rainbow trout.