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Hydrogen peroxide supplementation alleviates the deleterious effects of cadmium on photosynthetic pigments and oxidative stress and improves growth, yield and pods quality of pea (Pisum sativum L.) plants

Sayed, Suzan, Gadallah, Mohamed
Acta physiologiae plantarum 2019 v.41 no.7 pp. 113
Pisum sativum, ascorbic acid, cadmium, carotenoids, chlorophyll, free amino acids, hydrogen peroxide, leaves, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde, oxidative stress, peas, photosynthesis, pigments, pods, proline, proteins, roots, seeds, shoots, spraying
The effects of foliar applied H₂O₂ on chlorophyll, carotenoids, the non-enzymatic defense system (ascorbic acid), malondialdehyde (MDA) hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) and growth were assessed in roots and shoots of pea (Pisum sativum L.) plants exposed to excess cadmium. In addition, we evaluated the influences of H₂O₂ spraying on proline, soluble sugars and soluble proteins contents. Excessive cadmium treatment caused reduction in the growth parameters (dry mass, pods and seeds dry weights), chlorophyll and carotenoids contents, roots total free amino acids, roots soluble sugars as well as shoots and roots soluble proteins levels but increased total free amino acids and soluble sugars contents in shoots. Concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and MDA was enhanced under Cd treatment. The foliar treatment of H₂O₂ alleviated the detrimental effects generated under Cd treatment that represented as increment in pea growth. H₂O₂ spraying increased photosynthetic pigments, growth characteristics, soluble proteins, and ascorbic acid contents comparing to the control sets not receiving H₂O₂. Similarly, a higher up-regulation was detected in proline contents of Cd + H₂O₂ set than Cd group ones at 0.25 mM Cd. Contrarily, malondialdehyde (MDA), soluble sugars and total free amino acids contents of Cd + H₂O₂ set revealed a lower decrease than Cd group ones especially in roots. The results demonstrated that H₂O₂ treatment could inverse the harmful effects of cadmium on growth, through inducing the non-enzymatic defense system (ascorbate), proline accumulation, maintenance of chlorophyll in pea leaves and lowering the intensity of H₂O₂ and lipid peroxidation (MDA).