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Achieving Controllable MoS₂ Nanostructures with Increased Interlayer Spacing for Efficient Removal of Pb(II) from Aquatic Systems
- Kumar, Neeraj, Fosso-Kankeu, Elvis, Ray, Suprakas Sinha
- ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.21 pp. 19141-19155
- adsorbents, adsorption, antibiotics, batteries, chemical composition, ciprofloxacin, electrostatic interactions, ions, lead, microparticles, moieties, molybdenum disulfide, nanosheets, pH, photolysis, sorption isotherms, wastes, water analysis, water treatment
- The development of new synthesis approaches for MoS₂ is necessary to achieve controlled morphologies and unique physicochemical properties that can improve its efficiency in particular applications. Herein, a facile one-step hydrothermal route is proposed to prepare controllable MoS₂ micro/nanostructures with an increased interlayer using sodium diethyldithiocarbamate trihydrate as the new S source at different pH values. To investigate the morphology, chemical composition, and structure of the MoS₂ micro/nanostructures, various characterization techniques were used. The obtained microrods, microspheres, and microrods with hairlike structures (denoted as MoS₂-N-H) were composed of MoS₂ nanosheets with increased interlayer spacing (∼1.0 nm) and utilized for the removal of Pb(II) from aquatic systems. Among the structures, MoS₂-N-H demonstrated the highest adsorption capacity (303.04 mg/g) for Pb(II) due to the existence of −S/–C/–N/–O-comprised functional groups on its surface, which led to strong Pb–S complexation and electrostatic attractions. The uptake of Pb(II) onto MoS₂-N-H followed pseudo-second-order kinetics and Freundlich isotherm. To evaluate its practical applicability, the adsorbent was employed in real mine water analysis; it was found that MoS₂-N-H could adsorb almost 100% of the Pb(II) ions in the presence of various coexisting ions. Additionally, after Pb(II) adsorption, MoS₂-N-H was transformed into PbMoO₄₋ₓSₓ spindlelike nanostructures, which were further used for photodegradation of an antibiotic, viz., ciprofloxacin (CIP), to avoid secondary environment waste. Thus, this investigation provides an effective one-pot approach to fabricate controllable MoS₂ micro/nanostructures with increased interlayer spacing for water treatment. The utility of these nanostructures in related supercapacitor/battery applications may also be envisaged because of their unique structural properties.