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Superfruits: Phytochemicals, antioxidant efficacies, and health effects – A comprehensive review
- Chang, Sui Kiat, Alasalvar, Cesarettin, Shahidi, Fereidoon
- Critical reviews in food science and nutrition 2019 v.59 no.10 pp. 1580-1604
- Eugenia uniflora, Lycium, Morinda citrifolia, Myrciaria dubia, Plinia cauliflora, acerolas, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, bioavailability, carotenoids, coumarins, functional foods, health effects assessments, introduced plants, iridoids, marketing strategies, proanthocyanidins, tannins
- The term “superfruit” has gained increasing usage and attention recently with the marketing strategy to promote the extraordinary health benefits of some exotic fruits, which may not have worldwide popularity. This has led to many studies with the identification and quantification of various groups of phytochemicals. This contribution discusses phytochemical compositions, antioxidant efficacies, and potential health benefits of the main superfruits such as açai, acerola, camu-camu, goji berry, jaboticaba, jambolão, maqui, noni, and pitanga. Novel product formulations, safety aspects, and future perspectives of these superfruits have also been covered. Research findings from the existing literature published within the last 10 years have been compiled and summarized. These superfruits having numerous phytochemicals (phenolic acids, flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, iridoids, coumarins, hydrolysable tannins, carotenoids, and anthocyanins) together with their corresponding antioxidant activities, have increasingly been utilized. Hence, these superfruits can be considered as a valuable source of functional foods due to the phytochemical compositions and their corresponding antioxidant activities. The phytochemicals from superfruits are bioaccessible and bioavailable in humans with promising health benefits. More well-designed human explorative studies are needed to validate the health benefits of these superfruits.