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High sustained virologic response rates of sofosbuvir-based regimens in Chinese patients with HCV genotype 3a infection in a real-world setting

Han, Qunying, Fan, Xiude, Wang, Xiaoyun, Wang, Ye, Deng, Huan, Zhang, Xiaoge, Zhang, Kun, Li, Na, Liu, Zhengwen
Virology journal 2019 v.16 no.1 pp. 74
Hepatitis C virus, adults, genotype, hemodialysis, liver diseases, patients
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 infection remain a difficult-to-cure population. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir-based regimen in genotype 3 patients in a real-world setting. METHODS: HCV genotype 3a-infected adults with compensated liver disease were treated with sofosbuvir (SOF)/velpatasvir (VEL) or SOF/daclatasvir (DCV) with or without ribavirin (RBV) for 12 or 24 weeks, respectively. Efficacy was measured by sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12 (SVR12). Adverse events were evaluated throughout the treatment and follow-up course. RESULTS: A total of 41 genotype 3a-infected patients were included. Of them, 10 patients (24%) had cirrhosis, 3 (7%) had renal impairment, and 2 (5%) failed previous treatment. Nine patients (22%) were treated with SOF/VEL and 32 (78%) with SOF/DCV with or without RBV. SVR 12 was achieved in 100% (9/9) of patients treated with SOF/VEL for 12 weeks and in 97% (31/32) of those treated with SOF/DCV for 12 or 24 weeks. RBV addition and extension of treatment duration did not improve the SVR of SOF/DCV (RR: 1.04; P = 0.99 and RR: 1.09; P = 0.375, respectively). Ten patients with cirrhosis, 1 on hemodialysis and 2 with treatment-experience achieved SVR12. One treatment-naïve non-cirrhotic patient on hemodialysis treated with SOF/DCV for 24 weeks relapsed at week 8 post-treatment. No serious adverse events and relevant laboratory abnormalities were observed. CONCLUSION: SOF/VEL and SOF/DCV are highly efficacious and well tolerated in genotype 3a-infected patients with or without cirrhosis. RBV coadministration and extension of SOF/DCV treatment appear to add no improvement for efficacy.