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Development of a Sensitive Chemiluminescence Immunoassay for the Quantification of Folic Acid in Human Serum

Chen, Xiang, Zhou, Qiyang, Zhang, Ting, Wang, ChunXin, Yu, Zheng, Ahamada, Hadji, Bai, Zhonghu, Huang, Xuan
Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry (Online) 2019 v.2019
aminopterin, anemia, behavior disorders, biotin, blood serum, cardiovascular diseases, chemiluminescence immunoassays, cross reaction, diarrhea, equations, folate-binding proteins, folic acid, humans, magnetism, methotrexate, milk, models, neural tube defects, peroxidase, phosphine, pregnant women, streptavidin, thermal stability
Folic acid (FA) is an important vitamin for human growth, especially for pregnant women. FA deficiency is associated with megaloblastic anemia, neural tube defects, cardiovascular diseases, irritability, diarrhea, and psychiatric disorders. Normally, FA molecules bind to folate-binding protein (FBP) in the serum as complex. Before quantify the FA concentration, a releasing procedure should be conducted. Alkaline condition and tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP) are used to release binding FA to freeing state. In this work, a chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) for human serum FA was established by competition model. Streptavidin (SA) was labeled to magnetic beads by an 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDAC/NHS) method. Activated biotin molecules were labeled to FBP molecules purified from milk. FA was labeled to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) by EDAC to activate the FA molecules. The pretreated samples or standards were added into the reaction tube with biotin-FBP and FA-horseradish peroxidase (HRP), FA in the sample compete with FA-HRP for binding to biotin-FBP, the signal is inversely proportional to the FA concentration. The method established shows good thermostability and performance. The limitation of detection (LOD) is 0.44 ng/mL. The intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) is 3.6%–7.1%, the interassay CV is 4.2%–7.5%, and the recovery rate is 92.1%–103.5%. Cross reactivity (CR) was remarkably low with aminopterin, folinic acid, and methotrexate. The method shows good correlation with the FA CLIA product from Beckman Coulter; the equation is y = 0.9618x−0.1434 while the R² value is 0.9224. The established method is sensitive, rapid, and accurate which can fully satisfy for the clinical requirement.