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Selenium Edge as a Selective Anchoring Site for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with MoSe₂/Graphene-Based Cathodes

Author:
Wong, Hoilun, Ou, Xuewu, Zhuang, Minghao, Liu, Zhenjing, Hossain, Md Delowar, Cai, Yuting, Liu, Hongwei, Lee, Hwanbin, Wang, Cai-Zhuang, Luo, Zhengtang
Source:
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.22 pp. 19986-19993
ISSN:
1944-8252
Subject:
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorption, binding sites, cathodes, density functional theory, durability, graphene, graphene oxide, selenides, selenium, sulfur, transmission electron microscopy, vapors
Abstract:
For lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs), the dissolution of lithium polysulfide and the consequent “shuttle effect” remain major obstacles for their practical applications. In this study, we designed a new cathode material comprising MoSe₂/graphene to selectively adsorb polysulfides on the selenium edges and thus to mitigate their dissolution. More specifically, few-layered MoSe₂ was first grown on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) using the chemical vapor deposition method and then infiltrated with sulfur as the cathode for LSBs. An initial capacity of 1028 mA h g–¹ was achieved for S/MoSe₂/N-rGO at 0.2 C, higher than 981 and 405.1 mA h g–¹ for pure graphene and sulfur, respectively, along with enhanced cycling durability and rate capability. Moreover, the density functional theory simulation, in addition to the experimental adsorption test, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, and transmission electron microscopy technique, reveals the dual roles that MoSe₂ plays in improving the performance of LSBs by functioning as the binding sites for lithium polysulfides and as the platform that enables fast Li-ion diffusion by reducing its diffusion barrier. The reported finding suggests that the transition-metal selenides could be an efficient alternative material as the cathode for LSBs.
Agid:
6459936