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Characterization of a novel marine origin aerobic nitrifying–denitrifying bacterium isolated from shrimp culture ponds

Zhao, Kun, Tian, Xiangli, Li, Haidong, Dong, Shuanglin, Jiang, Wenwen
Aquaculture research 2019 v.50 no.7 pp. 1770-1781
Bacillus subtilis, ammonium, ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrogen, bacteria, carbon, glucose, mariculture, mass spectrometry, nitrate nitrogen, nitrates, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, nitrous oxide, pH, ponds, shrimp culture, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite
A novel marine origin Bacillus subtilis strain H1 isolated from a shrimp culture pond effectively removed NH₄⁺‐N, NO2-‐N and NO3-‐N, with a maximum ammonium, nitrite and nitrate removal rate of 2.35 mg NH₄⁺‐N L⁻¹ hr⁻¹ per OD, 9.64 mg NO2-‐N L⁻¹ hr⁻¹ per OD and 0.75 mg NO3-‐N L⁻¹ hr⁻¹ respectively. The gas chromatography–isotope ratio mass spectrometry results indicated that N₂O was emitted when ¹⁵NH₄Cl, Na¹⁵NO₂ or Na¹⁵NO₃ was used. Additionally, N₂ was also produced when Na¹⁵NO₂ was used. Single‐factor experiments suggested that the optimal conditions for NH₄⁺‐N and NO2-‐N removal were glucose as a carbon source, C/N 15, initial pH 7.5, 30 g/L NaCl, 28°C and a shaking speed of 160 rpm. Orthogonal tests showed that the optimal conditions for NH₄⁺‐N removal were C/N 15, pH 9, 10 g/L NaCl and shaking speed 160 rpm when ammonium chloride was used as the substrate. The optimal conditions for NO2-‐N removal were C/N 10, pH 6, 10 g/L NaCl and a shaking speed of 160 rpm when sodium nitrite was used as the substrate. In summary, B. subtilis strain H1 had highly efficient aerobic nitrifying–denitrifying ability and high adaptability, suggesting that it is potentially valuable to marine aquaculture.