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Response of Pacific white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) on exposure to aflatoxin in feed

Jamshidizadeh, Sara, Amrollahi Biuki, Narges, Yousefzadi, Morteza, Aramideh, Ali
Aquaculture research 2019 v.50 no.7 pp. 1973-1984
Litopenaeus vannamei, aflatoxins, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, body composition, breeding, diet, hemolymph, hepatopancreas, histology, muscles, necrosis, protein content, shrimp
A research was accomplished to find the response of Litopenaeus vannamei to different levels of aflatoxin in feed. Two hundred live L. vannamei were collected from a shrimp breeding station located on the south of Tiab, in Hormozgan province. Aflatoxin contaminated diets with 0.18, 96.21, 184.74, 711.35, 977.11 and 1605.61 µg/kg were prepared and shrimps in six experimental groups with three replicates in each group for 28 days were fed with these diets. The results showed that activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in haemolymph and histological alternation index (HAI) value of hepatopancreas in treatement groups were significantly higher than control group (p < 0.05). Decreased total protein and fat in haemolymph and increased protein in muscle of treatment shrimps were observed compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The HAI value of 977.11 and 1605.61 μg/kg groups were significantly higher than the control and other groups (p < 0.05). Histological study results showed that calculated HAI (more than 100) in these groups as a result of necrosis lesion observed in hepatopancreas. Moderate to severe alteration was recognized in group fed by 711.35 µg/kg aflatoxin. Minor aflatoxin levels (0.18, 96.21 and 184.74 µg/kg) caused inappreciable tissue alteration. This study demonstrated body composition, haemolymph parameters and histology of hepatopancreas were affected in the aflatoxin‐contaminated feed when the concentration was over 955.14 µg/kg.