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Effect of guava Psidium guajava (L.) aqueous extract diet on growth performance, intestinal morphology, immune response and survival of Oreochromis niloticus challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila

Author:
Omitoyin, Bamidele O., Ajani, Emmanuel K., Orisasona, Olugbenga, Bassey, Happiness E., Kareem, Kazeem O., Osho, Friday E.
Source:
Aquaculture research 2019 v.50 no.7 pp. 1851-1861
ISSN:
1355-557X
Subject:
Aeromonas hydrophila, Oreochromis niloticus, Psidium guajava, absorption, antioxidants, diet, feed intake, fingerlings, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, growth performance, guavas, immune response, immune system, intestines, leaf extracts, mortality, nutrient utilization, protein content, superoxide dismutase, villi, weight gain
Abstract:
An 84‐day feeding trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of aqueous Psidium guajava leaf extract (PGE) on growth, intestinal morphology, physiology, immune response and susceptibility of Oreochromis niloticus to Aeromonas hydrophila. Diets containing 0% (P0), 0.25% (P1), 0.50% (P2), 0.75% (P3) and 1.00% (P4) PGE were fed to triplicate groups of fish (mean weight; 1.32 ± 0.04 g) for 84 days. After the 84‐day feeding trial, test fish were injected with pathogenic A. hydrophila and then fed for 14 days. More feed were consumed in groups of fish fed PGE‐treated diets and resulted in significantly higher weight gain and feed intake. Incidentally, there was an increase in the calculated area of absorption of fish fed PGE diets, as accounted for by marginally higher villi length and width. Antioxidant and immune response were improved with PGE inclusion in diets as total protein, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S‐transferase significantly increased (p < 0.05) in fish fed PGE diets. Results of the challenge test with A. hydrophila revealed that the highest mortality (100%) was recorded in P0. This study revealed that inclusion of P. guajava extract in the diet of O. niloticus improved growth, nutrient utilization, immune system and survival of O. niloticus fingerlings.
Agid:
6460303