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Cryopreservation of Bangladeshi ram semen using different diluents and manual freezing techniques

Jha, Pankaj Kumar, Shahi Alam, M. Golam, Mansur, Abdullah AL., Naher, Nazmun, Islam, Taohidul, Uddin Bhuiyan, Musharraf, Bari, Farida Yeasmin
Cryobiology 2019 v.89 pp. 35-41
acrosome, citric acid, cooling, cryopreservation, egg yolk, ewes, female fertility, freezing, fructose, gentamicin, glycerol, lincomycin, liquids, nitrogen, plasma membrane, rams, semen, spectinomycin, sperm motility, tylosin, vapors, viability, Bangladesh
A study was conducted to establish a sustainable and effective manual freezing technique for cryopreservation of Bangladeshi ram semen. Three diluents and freezing techniques were tested, both as treatment combinations (diluent × freezing technique) and fixed effects (diluent or freezing technique) on post-thaw sperm motility (SM), viability (SV), plasma membrane integrity (SPMI) and acrosome integrity (SAI). Ten rams were selected, based on semen evaluation. Eight ejaculates were used for each treatment combination. Semen samples were diluted using a two-step protocol for home-made Tris-based egg yolk (20%, v/v) diluents: D1 (7% glycerol, v/v) and D2 (5% glycerol, v/v), and one-step for commercial diluent: D3 (Triladyl®, consists of bi-distilled water, glycerol, tris, citric acid, fructose, spectinomycin, lincomycin, tylosin and gentamycin) at 35 °C. Fraction-A (without glycerol) was added at 35 °C, and following cooling of sample to 5 °C (−0.30 °C/min), Fraction-B (with glycerol) was added. The diluted semen samples were aspirated into 0.25 ml French straws, sealed, and equilibrated at 5 °C for 2 h. The straws were frozen in liquid nitrogen (LN) vapour, in a Styrofoam box. The freezing techniques were; One-step (F1): at −15.26 °C/min from +5 °C to −140 °C; Two-step (F2): at −11.33 °C/min from +5 °C to −80 °C, and −30 °C/min from −80 °C-140 °C; and Three-step (F3): at −11.33 °C/min from +5 °C to −80 °C, at −26.66 °C/min from to −80 °C to −120 °C, and at −13.33 °C/min from −120 °C to −140 °C. Two semen straws from each batch were evaluated before and after freezing. The group F3D3 exhibited significantly higher (p < 0.05) post-thaw SM 63.1 ± 2.5%, SV 79.0 ± 2.1% and SPMI 72.9 ± 1.7%, whereas SAI 72.9 ± 1.7% was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in group F3D2. The freezing technique F2 and F3 had significantly higher (p < 0.05) post-thaw sperm values compared to F1. The post-thaw SM and SV were above 50% and 65% with the freezing technique F2 and F3 but differed non-significant. The SPMI 67.6 ± 2.0% and SAI 76.1 ± 1.4% were significantly higher (p < 0.05) with F3. Likewise, the diluent D2 and D3 had significantly higher (p < 0.05) post-thaw sperm values compared to D1. The post-thaw SM, SV and SPMI were above 50%, 65% and 55% with the diluents D2 and D3 but differed non-significant. The SAI 76.1 ± 1.1% was significantly higher (p < 0.05) with D3. We concluded that the use of a simple home-made Tris-based diluent containing 20% (v/v) egg yolk and 5% glycerol (v/v), two-step dilution and a three-step freezing technique is a sustainable and effective method for freezing ram semen. For further validation, the fertility of ewes artificially inseminated with the frozen semen will be observed.