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Evaluation of three commercial porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) oral fluid antibody ELISAs using samples of known status

Henao-Diaz, Alexandra, Giménez-Lirola, Luis, Magtoto, Ronaldo, Ji, Ju, Zimmerman, Jeffrey
Research in veterinary science 2019 v.125 pp. 113-118
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, antibodies, blood serum, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, false negative results, live vaccines, swine
Oral fluid (n = 564) samples collected longitudinally from twelve 14-week-old pigs vaccinated with a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) modified live vaccine were used to evaluate and compare the diagnostic performance of three commercial PRRSV oral fluid (OF) ELISAs (ELISAs 1, 2, 3). Serum samples (n = 132) tested by a PRRSV serum ELISA (ELISA ‘S') provided an antibody response baseline for comparison. The initial analysis comparing the rate of positivity between each OF ELISA versus ELISA ‘S' and then pairwise among the three OF ELISAs determined that ELISA 2 (143 false negative results) was significantly different from ELISAs 1 and 3, and from ELISA ‘S' (Cochran's Q test, p < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses based on the manufacturers' recommended cutoff were used to estimate the diagnostic sensitivities and specificities of ELISA 1 (100%, 100%), ELISA 2 (62%, 97%), and ELISA 3 (94%, 100%). As an additional aid for interpreting results, the diagnostic sensitivities and specificities of each OF ELISA were also estimated over a range of cutoffs. Area under the curve comparisons found no significant difference between ELISAs 1 and 3, but ELISA 2 differed from both ELISA 1 and 3 (ROC Chi-square, p < 0.05). Based on these analyses, the overall diagnostic performance of the three OF ELISAs ranked ELISA 1 ≥ ELISA 3 > ELISA 2.