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High performance cyanide sensing with tunable limit of detection by stimuli-responsive gold nanoparticles modified with poly (N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)

Alinejad, Zeinab, Raeesi, Maryam, Mahdavian, Ali Reza
Talanta 2019 v.204 pp. 198-205
anions, cations, color, cyanides, detection limit, ionic strength, nanogold, pH, stabilizers, surface plasmon resonance
Detection of cyanide ion (CN−) and design of new sensors with high sensitivity and selectivity are interesting topics in recent developments. Cyanide ions lead to immediate dissolution of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and distinct color changes from red to transparent colorless solution. The presence of any material e.g. stabilizer may affect dissolution mechanism and hence sensing properties. Here, we represent a novel sensor (Au-PDA) based on the AuNPs coated with poly (N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) for the detection of CN− with tunable sensitivity. PDMAEMA bearing tertiary amine groups not only induced stimuli-responsivity to the prepared Au-PDA as the sensor, but also influenced the sensing performance like linear response range and limit of detection (LOD). The detection process with the increase in CN− concentration in wide range of pHs as well as high ionic strength of the medium was monitored by reduction of the localized surface plasmon resonance band of AuNPs at 530 nm. In the optimized condition, this sensing approach exhibited excellent selectivity in contrary to other anions and cations. The highest sensitivity was obtained in basic media (i.e. pH 9) with a LOD of 4.7 × 10−6 μM and two linear ranges from 10−5-10−3 μM and 0.04–320 μM. The tunable sensitivity could be considered as the strength point of such sensor with lowest LOD for detection of CN− and such a controlled stimuli-responsivity will open up a promising route toward adjustable detection of other chemicals.