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COUP-TFII is a modulator of cell-type-specific genetic programs based on genomic localization maps

Erdős, Edina, Bálint, Bálint László
Journal of biotechnology 2019 v.301 pp. 11-17
binding sites, breast neoplasms, chickens, chromatin, estrogen receptors, genes, genomics, histones, leukemia, ligands, liver neoplasms, neoplasm cells, ovalbumin, regulatory sequences, thyroid hormone receptors, transcription (genetics)
Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) is a member of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily, but its ligand has not yet been identified. Little is known about the role of the COUP-TFII nuclear receptor in cancer cells. In this study, we mapped the cistrome of COUP-TFII in three different cancer cells, namely breast cancer cells (MCF-7), myelogenous leukaemia cells (K562) and liver cancer cells (HepG2) using publicly available ChIP-seq data. Our results show that COUP-TFII co-localises with master transcription factors (TFs) in a cell-specific manner such as estrogen receptor alpha in MCF-7, hepatocyte nuclear factor alpha in HepG2, and GATA-binding factor in K562, while the shared, non-specific COUP-TFII binding sites are co-occupied by CTCF. We identified chromatin environments for these COUP-TFII and master TF co-bound sites together with COUP-TFII and CTCF co-bound sites. Our results show that COUP-TFII and master TF co-bound sites are marked with active enhancer specific histone modifications (H3K27ac and H3K4me1), while COUP-TFII and CTCF co-bound sites reveal active promoter specific histone marks (H3K27ac and H3K4me3). These results describe the genomic context and role of COUP-TFII in the cell-type specific transcriptional programs. Furthermore, we report that the VEGFA gene regulated by shared COUP-TFII and CTCF co-bound regulatory elements is involved in long-range looping in a cell-type-independent manner. These findings provide a genomic insight into the regulation and angiogenic role of COUP-TFII.