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Recent advances in enhancement of oil content in oilseed crops

Zafar, Sundus, Li, Yu-Long, Li, Nan-Nan, Zhu, Ke-Ming, Tan, Xiao-Li
Journal of biotechnology 2019 v.301 pp. 35-44
Brassica napus, biosynthesis, fatty acid composition, fuels, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms, lipid content, lipids, nutritive value, oilseed crops, seed oils, soybeans
Plant oils are very valuable agricultural commodity. The manipulation of seed oil composition to deliver enhanced fatty acid compositions, which are appropriate for feed or fuel, has always been a main objective of metabolic engineers. The last two decennary have been noticeable by numerous significant events in genetic engineering for identification of different gene targets to improve oil yield in oilseed crops. Particularly, genetic engineering approaches have presented major breakthrough in elevating oil content in oilseed crops such as Brassica napus and soybean. Additionally, current research efforts to explore the possibilities to modify the genetic expression of key regulators of oil accumulation along with biochemical studies to elucidate lipid biosynthesis will establish protocols to develop transgenic oilseed crops along much improved oil content. In this review, we describe current distinct genetic engineering approaches investigated by researchers for ameliorating oil content and its nutritional quality. Moreover, we will also discuss some auspicious and innovative approaches and challenges for engineering oil content to yield oil at much higher rate in oilseed crops.