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More on the question ‘When does absence of evidence constitute evidence of absence?’ How Bayesian confirmation theory can logically support the answer
- F. Taroni, S. Bozza, T. Hicks, P. Garbolino
- Forensic science international 2019 v.301 pp. e59
- Bayesian theory, DNA, crime, forensic sciences, uncertainty
- In forensic science it is not rare that common sayings are used to support particular inferences. A typical example is the adage ‘The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence’. This paper analyzes the rationale hidden behind such statement and it offers a structural way to approach the analysis of this particular adage throughout a careful analysis of four different scenarios.