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Characterizing the paper industry sludge for environmentally-safe disposal

de Azevedo, Afonso R.G., Alexandre, Jonas, Pessanha, Luís Sérgio Peixoto, Manhães, Rosane da S.T., de Brito, Jorge, Marvila, Markssuel Teixeira
Waste management 2019 v.95 pp. 43-52
ceramics, industrial wastes, landfills, papermaking, pulp and paper industry, sanitation, sludge, solid wastes, waste management
The world paper industry produces a great amount of industrial solid waste that undergoes a treatment process that can be either primary, secondary, or tertiary, in order to adapt the waste for correct disposal. The paper manufacturing industries search for the best way to dispose of their wastes, generally in landfills, but there are few studies proving the effectiveness of such measure from the environmental, technological and economic points of view. Knowing the characteristics of this waste and understanding the treatment process it is submitted to are fundamental issues to manage it and comply with environmental demands. The purpose of this paper is to perform a chemical, mineralogical, thermal, morphological, physical and environmental characterization of the paper and pulp industry wastes, in order to assess alternatives for their adequate disposal, such as controlled landfills, sanitation, incineration, and sea dumping. It was observed that the material presents physical, chemical, and morphological features that indicate the possibility of reusing it in other production chains, such as the ceramic industry, besides being classified as non-hazardous wastes. Furthermore, disposal in sanitary landfills presents advantages in environmental and technological terms.