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Immersion vaccination of Mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi against infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus with a SWCNTs-based subunit vaccine

Zhao, Zhao, Zhang, Chen, Jia, Yi-Jun, Qiu, De-Kui, Lin, Qiang, Li, Ning-Qiu, Huang, Zhi-Bin, Fu, Xiao-Zhe, Wang, Gao-Xue, Zhu, Bin
Fish & shellfish immunology 2019 v.92 pp. 133-140
Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus, Siniperca chuatsi, antibody formation, blood serum, carbon nanotubes, enzyme activity, fish, gastrointestinal system, genes, juveniles, mortality, protective effect, subunit vaccines, vaccination
Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) cause a high mortality disease which lead to significant economic loss on mandarin fish in China. There is no effective drug or vaccine against this fatal disease at present. Meanwhile, many drugs and vaccines had no effect in many cases account of several impenetrable barriers (cell, skin and gastrointestinal tract). Here we reported an immersion subunit vaccine system (SWCNTs-MCP) encoding MCP gene of ISKNV based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). To evaluate its efficacy against ISKNV, we found a stronger and longer duration immune response (serum antibody production, enzyme activities and immune-related genes expression) can be induced in fish vaccinated with SWCNTs-MCP in comparison with those vaccinated with MCP alone. Importantly, SWCNTs can increase the immune protective effect of naked subunit vaccine by ca. 23.8%. Thereby, this study demonstrates that SWCNTs as a promising carrier for subunit vaccine might be used to vaccinate large-scale juvenile mandarin fish by bath administration approach.