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Different squash cultivars mediate performance of Aphis gossypii and its predator (Aphidoletes aphidimyza): Towards developing an IPM strategy

Madahi, Khadijeh, Sahragard, Ahad, Hosseini, Reza
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2019 v.22 no.3 pp. 750-757
Aphidoletes aphidimyza, Aphis gossypii, adults, biological control agents, cultivars, eggs, fecundity, females, host plants, integrated pest management, laboratory experimentation, life tables, longevity, midges, natural enemies, nymphs, rearing, squashes
Different cultivars of plant species can affect the performance of aphids and their natural enemies. In this study, development and life table parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Hem.: Aphididae) and its predatory midge, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Dip.: Cecidomyiidae) were determined on four different squash cultivars (Rajaei, Elion, Clarita, and Chance) under laboratory conditions at 23 ± 2 °C, 70 ± 5% RH and 16:8 h L:D photoperiod. Adult longevity and total fecundity of A. gossypii differed with cultivar, with the highest value observed on Rajaei as the most susceptible host plant (21.93 ± 0.191 days and 74.37 ± 0.088 nymphs/female, respectively). Moreover, the intrinsic rate of increase (r) of the aphid on Rajaei and Elion (0.354 ± 0.008 day−1 and 0.340 ± 0.009 day−1, respectively) were significantly higher than two other cultivars. The predator reared on A. gossypii, feeding on Chance cultivar, had the lowest fecundity (51 ± 2.78 eggs/female) and the lowest r value (0.120 ± 0.011 day−1) than those reared on other cultivars. These results attained from population projection estimation based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory were in consistence with other findings which indicated the influence of different host plant cultivars on the performance of A. gossypii and its predator, A. aphidimyza. Combined use of resistant host plant cultivars together with biological control agents can be proposed as an efficient integrated pest management strategy.