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Resistance to deltamethrin, fipronil and ivermectin in the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu stricto, Latreille (Acari: Ixodidae)

Becker, Simone, Webster, Anelise, Doyle, Rovaina L., Martins, João Ricardo, Reck, José, Klafke, Guilherme M.
Ticks and tick-borne diseases 2019 v.10 no.5 pp. 1046-1050
Rhipicephalus sanguineus, acaricide resistance, chemical treatment, deltamethrin, dog diseases, dogs, females, fipronil, ivermectin, larvae, lethal concentration 50, metropolitan areas, mortality, pets, tick-borne diseases, ticks, variance, Brazil
Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu stricto (s.s.), the temperate lineage of the brown dog tick, is the most common tick found on dogs from urban areas in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) state, southern Brazil. Chemical treatments against ticks are important to control this pest, but can lead to selection for acaricide resistance. Unfortunately, little is known about acaricide resistance in this tick species in Brazil, although such information is very important to companion animal clinical practice. The objective of this study was to analyze acaricide susceptibility of R. sanguineus s.s. from the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, RS. Engorged females ticks were collected in ten different locations, from naturally infested dogs or the environment (homes, shelters and kennels). The progenies were used in toxicological larval tests with deltamethrin, fipronil and ivermectin. Mortality data was used to determine the median lethal concentrations (LC50) for each tick population and resistance was characterized based on relative susceptibility of the different tick populations against each acaricide. Seven samples were considered resistant to deltamethrin, with resistance ratios (RR) ranging from 2.32 to 5.67. From five tick populations tested with fipronil, three were considered resistant, with RR varying from 2.56 to 13.83. For ivermectin, resistance ratios were lower, ranging from 1.54 to 2.97. The results reveal a notable variance of susceptibility to deltamethrin, fipronil and ivermectin in the R. sanguineus s.s. populations studied. This study documents for the first time the existence of acaricide-resistant populations of R. sanguineus s.s. in Brazil.